Growing Guide

  VEGETABLES

  AND  HERBS

Anise

Life Cycle: Annual

Height: 16" - 20"

Light Requirement: Full Sun

Uses: Culinary / Fragrant / Medicinal

Sow: Direct Sow 2 weeks before last frost

Harvest:  When seeds become dry and hard

Birdhouse Gourd

Grows Best In: Full Sun

Days to Germination: 7-10 Days

Days to Maturity:  95- 110 Days

Growth Type: Long Vines, either trellis or allow space to sprawl

Planting Depth: 1"

Seed Spacing: 4-5' apart

Sow: After any danger of frost sow seeds directly into soil. Can be started indoors 2 to 3 weeks before last frost.

Harvest: Harvest before deep freeze. Can allow to fully dry on vine in warmer climates. Gourd is dry when the outside has turned to light brown and is hard. seeds will shake around inside. 

*If harvesting while green, allow to dry in room with proper ventilation and airflow.

Dill

Grows Best: Full sun

Days to Germination: 7-14 Days

Days to Maturity: 65-70 Days

Planting Depth: 1/4"

Seed Spacing: 9"

Growing Height: 30-42"

Harvest: Fresh green growth can be used for pickling recipes or let flowers form seeds and harvest when seeds are brown and dry

Sow directly in the garden in well-drained soil in a sunny location. 

Cantaloupe

Grows Best In: Full Sun 

Days to Germination: 7-10 Days

Days to Maturity:  roughly 80 - 90 Days

Planting Depth: 1-1.5"

Seed Spacing: 2-3' apart

Water Daily

Sow: After any danger of frost sow seeds on a mound of well fertilized/composted soil. 

Harvest when rind turns from green to tan or yellow or when foliage has began to die off. 

Cayenne Pepper

Grows Best In: Full Sun

Days to Germination: 7-10 Days

Days to Maturity:  roughly 75 Days

Planting Depth: 1/4"

Plant Spacing: 16"

Sow: Start indoors 8-10 weeks before last frost. Transplant outdoors when soil temps are warm and outdoor temps are above 75 degrees F)

Harvest when fruits are dark red.

Flax (Annual)

Bloom Season: Spring/Summer

Height:12-24 Inches

Light Requirement: Full Sun

Planting depth: 1/4" 

Seed Spacing: 3-4"

Sowing Method: Direct Sow after danger of frost

Harvest for seed when flower pods have turned yellow. 

GOURDgeous Mix

Grows Best In: Full Sun

Days to Germination: 7-10 Days

Days to Maturity:  roughly 120 Days

Growth Type: From tiny to very large gourds and pumpkins

Planting Depth: 1-1.5"

Seed Spacing: 2-3' apart

Sow: After any danger of frost sow seeds on a mound of well fertilized/composted soil

Good Mother Stallard Beans

Grows Best In: Full Sun

Days to Germination: 5-8 Days

Days to Maturity:  roughly 120 Days

Growth Type: Vine, needs support

Planting Depth: .5" - 1"

Seed Spacing: 6-10" apart

Sow: After any danger of frost sow seeds next to trellis. 

Harvest frequently when plump to keep plant productive

Lemon Drop Pepper

Grows Best In: Full Sun

Days to Germination: 7-10 Days

Days to Maturity:  roughly 75 Days

Planting Depth: 1/4"

Plant Spacing: 16"

Sow: Start indoors 8-10 weeks before last frost. Transplant outdoors when soil temps are warm and outdoor temps are above 75 degrees F)

Harvest when fruits are bright yellow

Loofah (Luffa) Gourd

Grows Best In: Full Sun

Days to Germination: 7-10 Days

Days to Maturity:  95- 120 Days

Growth Type: Long Vines, either trellis or allow space to sprawl

Planting Depth: 1"

Seed Spacing: 4-5' apart

Sow: After any danger of frost sow seeds directly into soil. Can be started indoors 2 to 3 weeks before last frost.

Harvest: For Eating, harvest young green gourds when soft. For Drying, leave gourds on vine until fully dry and hard. 

*Remove before hard frost and dry hanging in well ventilated area until fully dry.

Radical Radish

 

Grows Best In: Full Sun

Days to Germination: 4-7 Days

Days to Maturity: 22 -28 Days

Growth Type: Spring or fall

Planting Depth: 1/2"

Seed Spacing: 1 - 3"

Sow: sow seeds and cover firmly with soil. When plants have 3 or 4 leaves, thin to 1 inch apart. For a steady crop, sow every 10 days until warm weather and again in the fall until 30 days before frost.

Strawberry  OR  Dakota Popcorn

 

Grows Best In: Full Sun

Days to Germination: 4-7 Days

Days to Maturity: 100 days

Growth Type: Spring 

Planting Depth: 1/2"

Seed Spacing: 1 - 3"

Sow: sow seeds and cover firmly with soil. Corn stalks will be short. Popcorn heads will be 3 to 6 inches long. Let fully dry on stalk before picking. Remove seeds and pop in paper bag in microwave or stove top popper. 

Pumpkin

Grows Best In: Full Sun

Days to Germination: 7-10 Days

Days to Maturity:  roughly 120 Days

Planting Depth: 1-1.5"

Seed Spacing: 2-3' apart

Sow: After any danger of frost sow seeds on a mound of well fertilized/composted soil. Harvest when foliage has died back and pumpkin feels firm.

Fairytale/Cinderella 

 Pumpkin

Grows Best In: Full Sun ( 70 to 90 degrees F)

Days to Germination: 7-14 Days

Days to Maturity:  roughly 110 Days

Planting Depth: 1-1.5"

Seed Spacing: 2-3' apart ( will have long vines)

Sow: 2 weeks after danger of frost sow seeds on a mound of well fertilized/composted soil or start indoors 2 to 4 weeks before last frost.

Harvest: When stem is dried and shell is hard. 

Atlantic Giant Pumpkin

Grows Best In: Full Sun ( 70 to 90 degrees F)

Days to Germination: 6-14 Days

Days to Maturity:  roughly 110 Days

Planting Depth: 1-1.5"

Seed Spacing: 4-5' apart ( will have long vines up to 25ft)

Sow: 2 weeks after danger of frost sow seeds on a mound of well fertilized/composted soil or start indoors 2 to 4 weeks before last frost.

Harvest: When stem is dried and shell is hard. 

 

          FLOWERS

Sweet Peas

Plant Type: perennial

Scent: No scent (does not smell sweet like annual sweet peas)

Grows Best In: Full Sun/cooler weather

Days to Germination: 10-14 Days

Days To Bloom: 90-120 Days

Planting Depth: 1/2"

Seed Spacing: 6-10" apart

Growing Height: 24-30" requires something to climb

Sow: Direct seed outdoors as soon as soil can be worked. can be  start indoors 4 to 6 weeks earlier for transplanting.  Soak seeds 24 hours before planting. Thrives in cool weather.

Red Field Poppy

Plant Type: Perennial

Grows Best In: Sun/Partial Shade. Does great in xeriscapes 

Days to Germination: 12-15 Days

Days To Bloom: 180-300 Days

Planting Depth: surface sow

Growing Height: 18-24"

Sow: Place in freezer for 1 -2 months before planting or direct sow in late summer. Broadcast seeds over soil and rake lightly into place.

*drought tolerant once established.

Moroccan Poppy

Plant Type: Perennial

Grows Best In: Sun/Partial Shade. Does great in xeriscapes 

Days to Germination: 12-15 Days

Days To Bloom: 180-300 Days

Planting Depth: surface sow

Growing Height: 18-24"

Sow: Place in freezer for 1 -2 months before planting or direct sow in late summer. Broadcast seeds over soil and rake lightly into place.

*drought tolerant once established.

Black-Eyed Susan

Plant Type: Biennial

Grows Best In: Full sun

Blooms: Early Summer thru fall

Planting Depth: surface sow after danger of last frost

Growing Height: 18-24"

Sow: . Broadcast seeds over soil and rake lightly into place. poor soil and drought tolerant once established

Zinnia

Plant Type: Annual

Grows Best In: Full sun

Blooms: Early Summer thru fall

Water Daily

Planting Depth: .5" deep, Space 12" apart

Grows well in garden or pots. Remove spent heads to help plant productivity

  SUNFLOWERS

Mammoth Sunflowers

 

Grows Best In: Full Sun

Days to Germination: 14-21 Days

Days To Bloom: 75-90 Days

Planting Depth: 1"

Seed Spacing: 18-24" the more room they have the bigger the flower head 

Growing Height: 7-12'

Sow: After all danger of frost, sow seeds in well fertilized/composted soil. Cover with 1 inch of soil. 

Water: Although considered drought tolerant, keeping the soil moist will give you larger flowers. 

Harvest: When petals have fallen off, the flower head hangs down and the seeds are visibly plump

Gentle Giants Sunflower Mix

Grows Best In: Full Sun

Days to Germination: 14-21 Days

Days To Bloom: 75-90 Days

Planting Depth: 1"

Seed Spacing: 18-24" the more room they have the bigger the flower head 

Growing Height: 7-12'

Sow: After all danger of frost, sow seeds in well fertilized/composted soil. Cover with 1 inch of soil. 

Water: Although considered drought tolerant, keeping the soil moist will give you larger flowers. 

Harvest: When petals have fallen off, the flower head hangs down and the seeds are visibly plump

Hi/Lo Sunflower Mix

Grows Best In: Full Sun

Days to Germination: 14-21 Days

Days To Bloom: 75-90 Days

Planting Depth: 1"

Seed Spacing: 2"-6" bunching will create a lovely wall of color

Growing Height: 12"-6'

Sow: After all danger of frost, sow seeds in well fertilized/composted soil. Cover with 1 inch of soil. 

Water: Although considered drought tolerant, keeping the soil moist will give you better flowers. 

Harvest: When petals have fallen off, the flower head hangs down and the seeds are visibly plump

Short Stack Sunflower Mix

Grows Best In: Full Sun

Days to Germination: 14-21 Days

Days To Bloom: 75-90 Days

Planting Depth: 1"

Seed Spacing: 2"-6" bunching will create a lovely wall of color

Growing Height: 7" - 24"

Sow: After all danger of frost, sow seeds in well fertilized/composted soil. Cover with 1 inch of soil. 

Water: Although considered drought tolerant, keeping the soil moist will give you better flowers. 

Harvest: When petals have fallen off, the flower head hangs down and the seeds are visibly plump

Mongolian Sunflower 

Grows Best In: Full Sun

Days to Germination: 14-21 Days

Days To Bloom: 75-90 Days

Planting Depth: 1"

Seed Spacing: 18-24" the more room they have the bigger the flower head 

Growing Height: 7-12'

Sow: After all danger of frost, sow seeds in well fertilized/composted soil. Cover with 1 inch of soil. 

Water: Although considered drought tolerant, keeping the soil moist will give you larger flowers. 

Harvest: When petals have fallen off, the flower head hangs down and the seeds are visibly plump

Titan Sunflower 

Grows Best In: Full Sun

Days to Germination: 14-21 Days

Days To Bloom: 75-90 Days

Planting Depth: 1"

Seed Spacing: 18-24" the more room they have the bigger the flower head 

Growing Height: 7-10'

Sow: After all danger of frost, sow seeds in well fertilized/composted soil. Cover with 1 inch of soil. 

Water: Although considered drought tolerant, keeping the soil moist will give you larger flowers. 

Harvest: When petals have fallen off, the flower head hangs down and the seeds are visibly plump